Chronic Disease Data
Tobacco Free Living
- The prevalence of smoking in 2011, defined as adults who currently smoke, was 22.1 percent (755,000 people) in Louisiana, compared to 17.3 percent in the U.S (America's Health Rankings, 2011). Louisiana currently ranks 44th in the U.S. for smoking prevalence.
- Currently, 48 of Louisiana's 70 parish school districts are 100% tobacco-free (DHH, Tobacco Control Program)
- Nearly 60 percent of Louisiana's youth reported trying cigarette smoking, which is significantly greater than the national average of 44.7 percent. (YRBS, 2011)
- Louisiana has one of the lowest Cigarette Excise Tax in the country ($0.36) compared to $1.34 nationally. Louisiana only exercises the minimum price retail markup (6%) required by law.
Active Living and Healthy Eating
- Approximately 32 percent (1.1 million people) of Louisiana's population, nearly one in four adults, is obese (America's Health Rankings, 2011). Louisiana currently ranks 42nd in obesity in the U.S.
- Louisiana's diabetes prevalence has increased over the past 10 years from 6.6 percent (2001) to 10.3 percent (2011) (352,000 people) of the population (America's Health Rankings, 2011), ranking 41st in the U.S.
- In 2011, 50 percent of Louisiana youth ate vegetables less than once a day, and 47.8 percent of youth ate fruit or drank 100% fruit juice less than once a day (YRBS 2011)
- In 2010, more than one third (35.5 percent) of Louisiana's adult population experienced a poor physical health day. (BRFSS, 2010)
- Only 16.9 percent of Louisiana adults ate the recommended servings of fruits and vegetables (5 per day) (BRFSS, 2009)
- In 2010, 16.7 percent of Louisiana's population (759,740 people) had poor food security (lack of access to enough food or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate foods). (Feeding America, 2010)
Increased Use of High Impact Quality Clinical Preventive Services
- Louisiana's prevalence of high blood pressure and high cholesterol (35.6 percent and 3.4 percent, respectively) attributes to high rates of heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular death across the state (America's Health Ranking, 2011).
- In 2010, 67.4 percent of Louisiana seniors (age of 65 and older) received the pneumonia vaccine and 64.3 percent received the flu vaccine, far from the Healthy People 2020 goal of 90 percent (America's Health Ranking, 2011).
- In 2010, 69 percent of Louisiana children completed all age appropriate vaccinations (National Immunization Survey, 2010).
- The need for individuals to receive all health screenings (excluding PAP tests), as well as, increased routine doctor visits; increases with age. This is related to greater risk and prevalence of chronic disease within the older population.
- Louisianans report higher rates of cervical, ovarian, colon, and prostate cancer, but lower rates of non-melanoma skin cancer, compared to U.S. averages.
- Late stage diagnosis for cancer is common in Louisiana. The prevalence rate for cancer in Louisiana is lower than the nation (8.9 compared to 9.3); however, mortality rates are significantly higher (211.1 per 100,000 compared to 190.1 per 100,000).