Milk, Cheese and Dairy
Pasteurization is a process by which milk is heated to a specific temperature for a set period of time to kills harmful bacteria that can lead to diseases like as listeriosis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria and brucellosis. Research shows no meaningful difference in the nutritional values of pasteurized and unpasteurized milk although some people believe pasteurization harms milk.
While pasteurization has helped provide safe, nutrient-rich milk and cheese for more 120 years, some people continue to believe that raw milk is a safe healthier alternative. Here are some common myths and proven facts about milk and pasteurization from foodsafety.gov:
- Raw milk DOES NOT kill dangerous pathogens by itself.
- Pasteurizing milk DOES NOT cause lactose intolerance and allergic reactions. Both raw milk and pasteurized milk can cause allergic reactions in people sensitive to milk proteins.
- Pasteurization DOES NOT reduce milk's nutritional value.
- Pasteurization DOES NOT mean that it is safe to leave milk out of the refrigerator for extended time,particularly after it has been opened.
- Pasteurization DOES kill harmful bacteria
- Pasteurization DOES save lives.
Most milk and milk products sold commercially in the United States contain pasteurized milk or cream, but unpasteurized milk and products made from unpasteurized milk are sold and may be harmful to your health. To avoid getting sick from the dangerous bacteria found in raw milk, you should choose your milk and milk products carefully. The Food and Drug Administration suggests considering these guidelines:
Safe to Eat
Unsafe to Eat
Most importantly, when in Doubt - Ask!
Taking a few moments to make sure milk is pasteurized - or that a product isn't made from raw milk - can protect you or your loved ones from serious illness.
- Read the label. Safe milk will have the word "pasteurized" on the label. If the word "pasteurized" does not appear on a product's label, it may contain raw milk.
- Don't hesitate to ask your grocer or store clerk whether milk or cream has been pasteurized, especially milk or milk products sold in refrigerated cases at grocery or health food stores.
- Don't buy milk or milk products at farm stands or farmers' markets unless you can confirm that it has been pasteurized.
- Real Stories of the Dangers of Raw Milk (videos)
- Questions & Answers: Raw Milk (FDA)
- Preventing Listeriosis In Pregnant Hispanic Women in the U.S. (FDA)
- Enjoying Homemade Ice Cream without the Risk of Salmonella Infection (FDA)
Cross contamination is always a risk when handling raw poultry. USDA regulates poultry for the United States and provides the following guidelines which include CLEAN, SEPARATE, COOK and CHILL
CLEAN: Wash hands and surfaces often
Wash your hands with warm, soapy water for 20 seconds before and after handling food. Wash your cutting boards, dishes, etc., with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item. Rinse all fresh fruits and vegetables under running tap water. There is no need to wash or rinse meat or poultry. LEARN MORE >>
SEPARATE: Don't cross-contaminate
Separate raw, cooked, and ready-to-eat foods while shopping, preparing, or storing. Never place cooked food on a plate which previously held raw meat, poultry, or seafood. LEARN MORE >>
COOK: Cook food to safe internal temperatures
Use a food thermometer to be sure! LEARN MORE >>
CHILL: Refrigerate food promptly
Refrigerate or freeze perishables, prepared foods, and leftovers within 2 hours or sooner. LEARN MORE >>